15 STEM and STEAM Activities for Grades1-5

Grade 1-5 kids are eager learners. They are highly curious and active. However, their playfulness may affect their learning abilities, if it is not directed in the right way. Teachers and parents have the mandate to guide the learning of these little ones and ensure they grasp concepts as easily as possible. This is especially the case with the science, technical, engineering, art, and mathematics activities, as they are quite challenging. Triggering the thinking capacity of the students through STEM and STEAM activities encourages them to explore ideas, experiment and learning the process. Here is a list of 15 activities that you can engage your grade 1-5 kid at school or at home.

15 STEM and STEAM Activities for Grade1-5
15 STEM and STEAM Activities for Grade1-5
  1. Sugar Density Rainbow

This physical science activity is easy to prepare at home or at school. You will need water, food, colour, glass jars, measuring jars, teaspoon, and sugar. Your kid will learn how to measure different substances through this experiment. For instance, he or she will measure a cup of water and pour this into each of the jars to acquire an equal amount of water. He will also measure out the food colour and place different colours into the glass jars to obtain the colours of the rainbow. The kids will then experiment with the different liquids to create varying densities by starting with zero spoons of sugar and adding one spoonful to each consecutive liquid. After dissolving the sugar, the kids will make a tower using the glass jars and observe the differences in the density through the varying abilities to sink. http://coolscienceexperimentshq.com/

  1. Geometric Shapes

Kids may struggle with getting the concepts in their geometry class. However, making the activity playful will enhance their learning by triggering their creativity and imagination. Playing around with the geometric shapes may even trigger their art and design interest, making the activity more worthwhile. You will need foam sheets, blocks of various shapes, scissors, and straws.

  1. Growing Plants

Children in the 1-5th grades have already appreciated the role of nature in science. It would be worthwhile to introduce them to the concepts of germination and the conditions required by a seed to turn into a seedling through their garden. Have them grow a seed of their choice, cultivate and monitor it until it sprouts and turns into a seedling. The satisfaction they will get out of the nurture, combined with the learning taking place, makes this a must try STEM activity.

  1. Building Bridges

This engineering activity is perfect for kids in the 1 – 5th-grades. They will create the bridges using their building blocks and ensure they capture the essential sections of a bridge such as an arc, a truss, suspension, and beam. This will make grasping ideas about the bridge easier, real, and practical. http://www.creativefamilyfun.net/

  1. Bottle water fountain

This simple experiment helps the children bring the concept of a water fountain to their home or school they can reproduce the fountain using blu-tac, a bottle, a straw, a balloon, and water. It demonstrates the idea that air occupies space. Create a hole for the straw at the side of the bottle and seal any licks. Pour water past the hole then blow the balloon and place it at the top of the bottle.

  1. Straw Roller Coasters

These also provide an amazing opportunity for the kids to learn engineering concepts. Using straws, they will try to recreate their favourite roller coasters. It teaches them about the basics of construction, such as the need for foundations and nodes in creating stability.

  1. Subtraction games

Mathematics can become lively for the kids if it is done practically. Have them count objects and subtract some to determine the remaining number. This is, even more, fun with candy, whereby the kid gets to eat the subtracted ones for every correct answer. It forms an amazing group activity.

  1. Pattern blocks

This activity enhances learning in mathematics by helping the kids appreciate the addition concepts whereas they are learning about different shapes. They can also learn about counting, measurement, and number recognition from this activity. It involves rolling the dice, counting the number of dots that appear on the face-up, and identifying the accompanying shape.

  1. Cabbage juice

Kids can help in the kitchen and learn through this STEM activity. Besides boosting their confidence that you trusted them to help with this preparation, they will learn scientific ideologies on the extraction of juice from plant products. You may use the opportunity to share about the advantages of natural food through the nutritional value of the juice they prepared. Disclaimer: They may not like the taste, even if they made it!

  1. Constellations

Teach the kids this complex idea through a playful experiment. The idea is to recreate the solar systems they know, as well as the famous Milky Way. They can create this craftily, using stars of different colours and drawing lines to connect the joints and make the expected feature. A black background will help reproduce the real scenario.

  1. Decimals

Decimals can be fun to learn if you do it using visuals. The kids will appreciate the place value of figures they create, rather than those already printed in the textbooks. They will alter transfer this knowledge to their class work. Moreover, using the money to explain decimals can be a realistic venture since children can remember the logic behind the change they received at the store, more easily.

  1. Fractions

A great way to learn about fractions is to use shapes such as circles, rectangles, and squares. Besides appreciating the different shapes, the kids can create different fractions and colour them differently. For instance, a circle will be cut into two to form two halves. The halves, cut into two, will for two quarters.

  1. Hydroponics

The kids can learn this concept easily in their classroom or at home. You will need an aquarium that allows you to plant seeds at the top. This way, children will monitor the progress of the seeds as they turn into seedlings and eventually plants. This will help them appreciate and recall the idea of hydroponics.

  1. Pulley

This physics concept can be learnt from the comfort of the home, or outdoors. Kids will realize that they can carry heavy stuff easily if they create an artificial pulley system. This may involve tying a rope to the handle of a bucket full of sand, and then lifting it by sliding the rope across the doorknob.

  1. Machine drawings

Another concept that helps the kids appreciate scientific ideologies is the use of drawings. The children can make drawings of machines they can recall or see, trying to imitate its real parameters as closely as possible. This may also help them appreciate art and design. http://artfulparent.com/jean-vant-hul-writer-childrens-art-enabler

15 Preschool STEM And STEAM Activities for This Month

The capacity of kids preschool to grasp science, technical, engineering, and mathematics concepts has always been wanting. This is because the technical subjects involve complex ideologies that escape the capacity of the young minds when presented raw. However, these concepts can be presented in an age-friendly manner with amazing results. This is the aim of STEM activities, where pre-schoolers are introduced to learning the easy way, without them even knowing they are required to learn. This produces lifelong learners that are open to try new concepts and embrace technical ideas. Here is a list of 15 STEM activities pre-school kids can engage in safely and easily.

 

 

 

1. Absorption

Students learn this basic scientific term through various levels of school. Introducing the concept to pre-school kids enable them to relate the science terminology to activities with which they are familiar. This can be achieved through the use of a sponge and water placed in a container. The kid will place the sponge over the water and the sponge will take up the water thus making the container dry. This is a simple way of introducing the concept of absorption.

2. Flower dissection

Another practical idea that can be interesting to preschool kids is the dissection of flower. While they may not understand the term dissection, they can learn this scientific activity by following your directions as a part of a game. The kid will try out cutting flowers into parts severally until they get it right. Preferably, allow the kids to do this in the garden and enjoy the fresh air and natural feel.

3. Gravity

The force of gravity is an interesting finding that the pre-school kids can learn without much trouble. This is especially the case because they are playful, and will find throwing stuff into the air and watching it fall back interesting. You can try this using different stuffs, including balls, fruits, and pebbles.

4. Counting

Counting is one of the earliest skills that children acquire. It involves the recitation of the basic numbers, and the ability to identify the figures using objects. This can be achieved using blocks with numbers written on top of them.  Counting objects will also help the kids to understand and recognize the numbers. This will improve their mathematical confidence and skills.

5. Groups of Animals

Toys present domestic and wild animals in a way that attracts the attention of kids. You can be adventurers and give them a tour of the different animals using the toys. The toys may be stuffed animals or plastic toys. The children will manage to differentiate between the different animal types and identify their nature.

6. Heart Rate

The pre-school kids can also appreciate the biological skill of recognizing and counting the heartbeats. This will involve placing the hand of the young one on your heart to feel the beating of the heart. You can also take turns to feel each other’s heart beats to increase the fun.

7. Magnets

The magnets are physically viable, and the little children are likely to appreciate their actions. You can have the kids experiment with different objects to feel the attraction and repulsion powers and tell the difference. They will learn about the difference between magnetic and non-magnetic objects, and the power of a magnetic field.

8. Nuts and bolts

The kids can learn this stem activity by experimenting with different bolts and nuts. The idea is to close and open the items, and pair them as appropriate. This may take time, and it will keep you kid busy and interested for a long time.

9. Nature

Take the pre-school kids out to observe natural phenomenon and appreciate the marvel of natural things. The children will get to hear the different voices and relate them to the respective animals. They will also feel the texture of the animals by touching the fur and hide of the animals. Interacting with the plants and flowers is also a safe way of familiarizing your kid with scientific concepts. The nature walk will also help you and your kid bond and rejuvenate by breathing fresh air.

10. Observing

Kids learn a lot from observing things within their environment. You can make good use of this opportunity and allow learning to take place through observation. For instance, children can learn about STEM concepts in their environment. Observing the wind is a good experience that the kids can learn from without feeling the pressure of learning.

11. Wind

This natural phenomenon can be a wonderful learning activity for the young ones. It requires them to be outdoors, and to learn to appreciate the effect of the wind through observing such impact as swaying trees. Moreover, the children will learn to identify the feel of the wind on their faces.

12. Surface Tension

Surface tension allows objects to settle on the surface of water when it is undisturbed. Kids can observe you placing a needle on the water gently. They can then try to imitate your actions severally until they get it right. The excitement will be worthwhile, and the learning experience priceless.

13. Waves

Waves form a significant part of the physical sciences. These can be observed in the natural world through the observation of waves in the ocean. However, you can reproduce this effect using water ripples at home. Alternatively, you can introduce your kid to this science using strings.

14. Preschool level Structures

Once more, kids will learn about a lot of information from their toys. For instance, block building introduces the kids to different shapes that they can learn. This helps them develop their mathematical skills. The toys can also inform the kids about differences in structure through the varying shapes.

15. Temperature

Pre-school children can appreciate the differences in temperature from an early stage. They know when they need to put on their pullovers, and when the weather is too hot. The can identify hot and cold objects easily. This introduces the kids to physical science terminologies and concepts thus qualifying as a STEM activity.

9 Mind-blowing Spooky Halloween STEM Activities

The Halloween holiday is a time for you and your kids to get busy and creative. The fun can be extended to be a learning session for the kids as they engage their minds in the creation of amazing objects to enhance their fun. Here is a list of nine mind-blowing spooky Halloween stem activities you can try at home, arranged in a bottom to the top format.

9 Mind-blowing Spooky Halloween STEM Activities

  1. Vampire Blood

Is there a better way to get into the Halloween mood than through the all scary vampire blood? My skin is already crawling, thinking of all those vampire stories where a perfectly handsome young man suddenly bites the neck of his lover to suck the blood. Gross! You can replicate a similar scenario at home by engaging a little bit of science. Moreover, did you know that chlorophyll turns red under the sun? Now you know. Help your kids to extract chlorophyll by crushing green leaves. The green extract, when exposed to the UV light of the sun, will turn red and voila, your vampire blood!

  1. Dry Ice Bubbles

Dry ice is the epitome of all things thrilling. Experimenting with dry ice is very risky and should be handled with heavy-duty gloves to avoid accidental exposure to the bare hands. The kids will get a thrill from the simple reaction of the dry ice with water through the immense smoke produced, as well as the bubbles and sounds. This epic experience, produced in cylinders, will produce a bubbly experience that will trigger the sensory buds of all the participants. The bubbles are so real and big that you can touch them and even squeeze them to feel the touch of this amazing phenomenon. Adding colour and glow in the dark substances will further enhance this scenario. http://www.mykidsadventures.com/dry-ice-science-halloween/

 

  1. Spooky Bubbles

The dry ice can be used in another way, to create amazing bubbles that the kids can bounce off the ground. These bubbles will be producing smoke as they bounce, and in the dark, they resemble the appearance of ghosts. This spooky fun makes the bubbles scary, and the feeling can be enhanced by making it a surprise to the guests during Halloween. The secret here is to ensure that the bubble does not pop and turn into smoke. Moreover, the kids will need to wear protective gloves when handling the bubbles. This makes for an exciting experiment for the Halloween. http://www.mykidsadventures.com/dry-ice-science-halloween/

 

 

  1. Ghost Pumpkin Eruption

Carrying on with the ghost theme, the kids can experiment with the white pumpkin and make eruptions out of it. The idea involves creating spooky images of ghosts by cutting out the shape of a ghost’s face on the surface of the pumpkin. The kids will then use baking soda to make the eruption material, which they will then make to ooze out of the ghost through the eye, ear, or mouth openings they made. Using different colours will manipulate the impact of this spooky experiment. The pumpkin should have a pre-cut opening to allow the baking soda mixture appear to be coming from the ghost. This is the ultimate Halloween treat!

  1. Experiment with Candy

The Halloween season is a learning session for your kids. Engage their active minds with candy sciences that they can actually enjoy. Hey, its candy time people! The most basic thing to do with your candy this Halloween is to use it to create different structures that will boost the eerie mood of the season. Make funny and ghastly shapes using the candy and a set of toothpicks. This great adventure will help your kids develop their creativity, enhance patience, and develop problem-solving skills. Let your children handle most of the work, with minimal supervision over the activities, only offering guidance when it is due.

  1. Spider Oobleck

This experiment guarantees to boost the sensory abilities of the participating skills, as it requires creativity and attention to detail. The simple experiment involves creating a base of oobleck, which is a mixture of starch and water to create varying consistencies as per the desires of the user. The oobleck is fascinating in that it can be used as a solid base, yet it melts into a liquid when squeezed. A collection of fake spiders are then attached to the prepared them. Ensure they stick to it and create an eerie experience

  1. Spooky Hand Sanitizer

This simple experiment will engage the kids and add to the fun of the Halloween. The sanitizers will be used normally, ensuring there is no wastage of resources. The sanitizer used in this experiment will be the normal one. However, the kids will be required to eliminate the branding papers from the surface of the sanitizer, leaving it clear. They will also need to choose the right colour to go with the theme of the party. The spooky part involves the addition of eerie structures such as monster eyes, skulls, and bones into the sanitizer bottle. This implies that the kids will have to see the scary substances every time they clean their hands.

  1. Ghost-like Styrofoam Structures

Get a little bit of engineering fun for your kids by making this imaginary structure. All you will need include the Styrofoam balls, toothpicks, and a black sharpie. Your kids will gain decision-making skills by choosing the suitable parameters that will help them create the most viable form. This will involve such concepts as the power of the base, the number of balls, the suitable length, and enhancing stability for the Styrofoam. Each of the white balls will be marked with the black sharpie to create a ghostly structure.

  1. Bat Slime

Another science activity that will trigger the sensory of your kids this Halloween is the creation of bat slime. You will need borax to make the slime. The slime is a unique substance that feels wet to the touch, when it is actually not wet. It is neither a liquid nor a solid, and this makes it a wonderful learning resource for the kids. You will also need glue and artificial bat confetti to stick to the slime. However, the result is an eerie bat slime that suits the mood of the Halloween festival while giving your kid several opportunities to learn and exercise their motor skills.