WOMEN IN S.T.E.M

Let’s Hear It For The Girls – A Celebration Of Women In STEM

 Women have come a long way since the days when they were unable to vote, buy a property or, even drive a car. In 2019, ten countries across the world have a female leader including the United Kingdom whose current Prime Minister, Theresa May, is the second woman in that position.

Stemming male domination

Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics are often seen as ‘boys subjects’ and a bit, well, stuffy!   You might be surprised to learn that many of the things we take for granted today like the windscreen wiper and some of our essential medicines, were, in fact, invented by women. In this book, we’re going to take a look at – and celebrate – the achievements of some of STEM’s largely unsung heroines from the last couple of hundred years as well as a sneak peek at some modern STEM stars such as Lisa Kudrow and Lady GaGa.

There is currently a global revolution to engage more girls in STEM subjects which, in the past, were traditionally male. Most countries now recognise that, in order to survive and thrive in the face of new technology, more women are needed in these incredibly important subjects. Having just celebrated International Women’s Day, we take a look at our top 10 living female movers and shakers in the STEM world.

The book “WOMEN IN STEM” celebrates and highlights 20+ women in this field and their remarkable contribution. Women who changed science and the world. Pioneers in Science, Technology, Engineering and Math. Perfect for 6-12 year old kids.

 

Glimpse of the BOOK: Table of Contents:

There have been many hurdles for woman to pursue the sciences. They have remained predominantly male with historically low participation among women.

Scholars are exploring the various reasons for the continued existence of this gender disparity in STEM fields. Those who view this disparity as resulting from discriminatory forces are also seeking ways to redress this disparity within STEM fields. Some proponents view diversity as an inherent human good, and wish to increase diversity for its own sake, regardless of its historical origin or present cause. Not having access to the universities and not being paid a fair wage are just a few of those barriers. Let’s celebrate the milestones in history and accomplishments woman have made in education and science.

 

Statistics in STEM:

The US government has used the census to understand the American workforce. A new study published in 2018 gave the world insight into how woman are not well represented in the STEM fields. From the mid century to the new millennium there has been a definite increase in female scientists, but woman are still under represented in these fields. That simply wont do. There is a little girl right now who would grow up to cure cancer, explore a new galaxy or even discover a new type of energy. Let’s inspire more awesome girls to share their point of you and make amazing discoveries!

More WOMEN IN STEM:

 Elizabeth Blackburn

 From Tasmania, Australia, Elizabeth Blackburn PHD, is a ground-breaking scientist responsible for many advances in the field of telomeres. Blackburn was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 2009.

 Chelsea Clinton

 Daughter of former US President, Bill Clinton, Chelsea Clinton says she is on a mission to make STEM subjects cool for girls and regularly travels around the USA to host events on the subject. Chelsea is Vice Chair of the Clinton Foundation.

 Helen M Blau

 London born Helen studied at England’s University of York and at Harvard University and is best known for her experiments with heterokaryons (fusions of differentiated cells from two different species), work which proved that even mature, differentiated cells retain the latent capacity for the expression of different cell types, and that mature cell type could in fact be reversed — something that had previously been assumed to be impossible.

Debbie Sterling

 A graduate of Stanford University, Debbie Sterling is an engineer and inventor of toys. She is the writer of a series of interactive books in which a girl inventor uses engineering to solve everyday problems.

Linda B Buck

 Born in Washington, USA, Linda Buck is known for her work on stem cell research

Buck is currently a Full Member of the Basic Sciences Division at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle.

 Dr Ellen Stofan

 Chief Scientist at NASA, Dr Ellen Stofan, predicts that the human race may be settling on other planets in as little as 10 years time. Ellen adds, ‘We are doing amazing science and, we are role models for the next generation of STEM girls.’

Marissa Mayer

 Another Stanford graduate, Marissa Mayer cut her teeth working with tech giant, Google andis now CEO of Yahoo. Marissa says, ‘I always surround myself with the smartest people I can find as they make you think about things harder.  

 Uma Chowdhry

 Born in Mumbai, Uma Chowdhry graduated from the Indian Institute of Science before moving to the United States where she began her work on developing new ceramic materials for the field of high-temperature superconductivity. Now retired, Uma was elected to the prestigious American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2003.

 Ana Caraiani

 Romanian Ana Caraiani, has worked primarily on problems at the interface of the Langlands correspondence with arithmetic algebraic geometry.   In the spring of 2018, Caraiani is due to take up a position as a von Neumann Fellow at the IAS.

 Mary L Cummings

 From Tennessee, Mary Cummings received her bachelor’s degree in mathematics from the United States Naval Academy as well as a master’s degree in space systems. Mary was a naval officer and military pilot and, In 1989, she was one of the first women to land a supersonic jet fighter — a Boeing F/A-18 Hornet — on the deck of an aircraft carrier.

 These are just some of the women who have helped to shape the world that we now live in and, who continue to dominate in their fields.

 

S.T.E.M Journal For Kids

Taking Note Of The Importance Of STEM Journals

 As a teacher or parent, you’re no doubt aware of the importance of STEM subjects for children of all ages, including pre-school. As the profile of these important subjects increases across the globe, we’re becoming more adept at not just integrating them into children’s daily lives but, also encouraging children to take an active interest.

 A great way of helping children build enthusiasm is to encourage them to keep a journal of their activities. It may be that, inspired by iconic books such as Diary Of a Wimpy Kid and Just Under The Clouds, your child already keeps a personal diary  and, so, will be familiar with the process.

 The benefits of a STEM Journal

 A little different from a personal diary, a journal is a method of recording STEM subject activities in order to measure progress. There are a number of benefits to keeping a STEM journal including:

  • Record all the big ideas and inventions.
  • Solve a problem and rise to challenges.
  • Put to use science, technology, engineering and math knowledge and skills.
  • Improved handwriting 
  • Improved efficiency – when a child can look back at what they did before, it enables them to learn and improve
  • Improved goal-setting – Looking back at setbacks and errors marked in the journal can help with planning and goal setting for future projects

 Before beginning your child’s STEM journal, it’s important to set a few ground rules and discuss these with your child:

  • Decide on how often the journal will be updated
  • Decide who can look at the journal; will this be just your child, you and your child or, will you get to look at it only with your child’s permission? It’s worth noting that the privacy of the journal will have a direct effect on how honest your child feels that they can be when writing in it.
  • What format the journal will take – will this be a formal record or will your child be free to doodle, make notes and explore random thoughts?
  • Will you have a separate journal for each subject or, one general STEM journal?

What should the child do in his or her journal?

 Following the ground rules above, it’s up to you and your child to decide the content of the journal but, these will be commonly used to:

  • Explore and identify different ideas and problem-solving thoughts
  • Examine the pros and cons of a project in order to be more effective
  • Examine own thoughts about a project or situation
  • Gain some insight into science in this world
  • Recognize the positives and negatives of a challenge
  • Plan out projects and events

 

STEM Journal For Kids

In the book “STEM KIDS JOURNAL”, we examine the importance of journaling for children when learning STEM subjects using the ENGINEERING DESIGN PROCESS prompts and cover a number of useful topics including:

 Ask Questions – With any type of learning, it’s important that a child is encouraged to ask questions in order to understand fully the objective of the project.

 Solve Problems – The ability to identify and resolve problems is a fundamental part of our world and it’s never too early to introduce this into learning schedules.

 Design A Plan – We explore the importance of proper planning for a project’s ultimate success.

 Test – We look at measuring the success of a project; did it work? If not, why not?

Improve – Finally, we take what we’ve learned and use it to achieve better results for the next project.

 

It’s said that many incredibly successful entrepreneurs, including Richard Branson and Oprah Winfrey, keep a journal of their professional lives as a matter of course. Owner of the $4.8 billion Virgin Group, Richard Branson, says that he takes a journal with him wherever he goes, adding, “If you have a thought but don’t write it down, by the next morning it may be gone forever.”

It may be a while before your child is competing with Mr Branson but, encouraging them to record and analyse their STEM work is a great start.